What is Postmodern? Is it beyond modern? Is it some kind of late modernism or not? When you attempt to go a step further from the dictionary definition of it, we see that the concept changes and diversifies according to each person trying to define it. More interestingly, the current confusion over its definition may as well be considered to be perfectly, yet ironically, in line with the concept itself. This book examines postmodern literature’s historical trend in the world and in Turkey, its conceptual frame, its impact on Turkish literature especially in terms of story and novel genres and the critique criteria for the literal postmodern while analyzing the postmodernism’s relation with philosophy, economics, politics and technology in 40 main questions.